UC is an IBD. It causes inflammation of the human colon և ulcers. The symptoms of UC can vary, and about half of people with this condition have only mild symptoms.
Common gastrointestinal symptoms of UC include:
- the desire to move the intestines even when the intestines are empty
- Weakened bowel movements
- bloody stools
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal pain
A person with UC often has symptoms during an outbreak. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during remission, when the person may experience few or no symptoms.
UC can also affect a person’s overall health և quality of life, such as:
- Lack of appetite
- weight loss
- Low red blood cell count (anemia)
- Delayed growth and development of children
UC is incurable. However, there are several treatments that can help a person manage their symptoms և improve their quality of life.
These treatments can help a person better regulate their immune system to reduce symptoms. Treatments vary, including medication, diet, dietary changes, and in some cases, surgery to repair or remove parts of the colon.
Here are some common treatments for people with UC.
Biologists are medicines made from living cells. Doctors often call this drug “targeted therapy”.
These drugs target the cells of the immune system ները proteins that are responsible for UC.
Biological drugs attack these cells to reduce their immune response. This helps reduce UC symptoms as it prevents the immune system from overacting and attacking the body’s own cells.
Doctors often prescribe biologics to sick people
Common biological therapies include:
People take biologics by injection or intravenous infusion.
Biosimilars are a newer treatment for UC. These drugs are like biologics, using natural proteins to target the immune system.
Biomarkers use copies of antibodies to monitor a person’s immune response. They can help prevent inflammation caused by UC, which can reduce the symptoms of UC.
Medical professionals can use biomasses to treat both UC and Crohn’s disease.
People take biologics by injection or intravenous injection.
Another new treatment for UC is the use of JAK inhibitors. Medical professionals can use these drugs to treat a number of inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, atopic dermatitis, and IBD.
JAK inhibitors are small molecular compounds that break down in the gastrointestinal tract after a person ingests them. When these compounds are broken down, the bloodstream absorbs them through the intestines.
Once in the human bloodstream, the compounds act directly on the immune system.
Molecules work by binding to receptors on immune cells to block the transmission of messages. This can reduce a person’s immune response, which can alleviate the symptoms of UC.
Medical professionals may also use corticosteroids to treat UC. These drugs reduce the activity of the immune system. This helps reduce inflammation of the colon և reduces the symptoms of UC.
People take corticosteroids orally as a wax, injection or enema.
Medical professionals often use these drugs as a short-term treatment for UC outbreaks. This is because they work fast and can work for several days.
Corticosteroids are not a long-term treatment for people with UC because they can cause a variety of side effects.
Possible side effects of long-term corticosteroid treatment
Aminosalicylates are compounds that contain 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). These medications can control the symptoms of IBD by reducing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Medical professionals often use aminosalicylates to treat mild to moderate UC.
Along with corticosteroids, aminosalicylates are often the first line treatment for UC. People can take these medicines orally, by candles or enemas.
According to the Chron’s and Colitis Foundation, these drugs are very safe, and people tend to tolerate them very well. However, some common side effects include:
- nausea և vomiting
- Abdominal pain և convulsions
- loss of appetite
In some cases, a person with UC may require surgery. Surgery is often a good option for people who no longer respond to medication.
Some people prefer surgery to improve their quality of life. In some rare cases, people can become seriously ill and need urgent surgery.
General UC surgery involves removal of the entire colon during a colectomy or removal of the large intestine during a proctocolectomy.
These surgeries can prevent the symptoms of UC, as the person no longer has a colon that can become inflamed.
After these surgeries, some people may require something that doctors call an anal spinal anastomosis. Surgeons will pull part of the small intestine down and attach it to the anus to duplicate some of the functions of the large intestine.
Some people may need a temporary stoma until the final anastomosis. An ostomy is a sac that sits on the outside of the human body near the stomach. The bag collects waste from the body through a hole called a stoma.
Colectomy can cause various side effects.
Diet ուցման nutrition adjustments
A person with UC may eat a healthy, balanced diet. This is because good food can affect a person’s UC symptoms as well as their overall well-being.
UC can too!
The Chron’s and Colitis Foundation offers a number of nutritional tips that a person with UC can follow to help manage their symptoms and achieve good nutrition. These tips include:
- eating four to six small meals a day
- stay well hydrated ել drink plenty of water
- Drink slowly և Avoid straw to swallow air
- preparing food in advance
- keeping the kitchen stocked with foods they can easily tolerate
- Using a food diary to track what foods a person eats, how they affect their symptoms
During an outbreak, a person with UC may want to avoid certain foods that may cause UC symptoms, such as bloating, convulsions, and diarrhea.
These foods include:
- Insoluble fiber products. These foods can be difficult to digest. These include peeled fruits and seeds, raw vegetables such as broccoli or cauliflower, whole nuts and whole grains.
- Lactose. This includes dairy products such as milk, cream and cheese.
- Non-absorbable sugars. These sugars are often sugar-free chewing gum, candy, ice cream, some fruits, and fruit juices such as pears, peaches, and prunes.
- Sweet food. This includes pastries, sweets and juices.
- High fat food. This includes butter, coconut, margarine and cream, as well as fried, fatty or oily foods.
- Alcohol. Including beer, wine and liqueur.
- Caffeine. Including some fizzy drinks, coffee and tea.
- Spicy food. People should avoid hot, spicy foods during the outbreak, as this may worsen the symptoms.
When a person is in remission, he or she may want to adjust his or her diet to help him or her stay healthy and hydrated. This means that they may want to eat some of the following foods:
- Fiber-rich foods. These include beans, nuts, whole grains, oatmeal and barley. If a person has a stomata or narrowing of the intestines, they may want to avoid these fiber-rich foods.
- High protein food. These include lean meats, fish, eggs, nuts and tofu.
- Fruits and vegetables. One should ensure that one eats as many fruits and vegetables as possible.
- Probiotics. Probiotics can help a person with UC improve their quality of life. These foods include yogurt, kimchi, miso tempe.
- Foods rich in calcium. These include yogurt, collard greens և milk. If a person has lactose intolerance, they may want to eat lactose-free dairy products.
UC is a form of IBD that causes inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine. Symptoms of UC include increased bowel movements, loose stools, bloody stools, abdominal pain, cramps, and diarrhea.
Symptoms of UC often occur during outbreaks that occur between periods of remission. When a person is in remission, he or she may experience very few symptoms or no symptoms at all.
UC is a lifelong condition և There is currently no cure. However, there are different treatments that can help reduce symptoms և increase remission.
These treatments include biologics, biologics, JAK inhibitors, corticosteroids, aminosalicylates, and surgery.
The mortality rate of a patient with UC is the same as without a patient.