Most of the functions of the human body reach the basic plumbing. Your heart, kidneys and liver are no exception. All of these organs work to transport or filter body fluids. Not all fluid is controlled by the pumping organ, as there is fluid that is also trapped within the tissues.
The fluid that flows through most of the body’s tissues և is called lymph. It is mainly composed of porridge, which is an intestinal fluid that contains proteins, fats, and white blood cells, lymphocytes.
Lymph fluid collects from the tissues around the body, moving through at least one of your approximately 600 lymph nodes. The lymph nodes filter out potentially harmful or infectious particles from the lymph fluid by moving about 4 liters of this fluid around your body every day.
The lymphatic system is generally quite efficient at transporting fluid around the body to maintain balance. But when the flow of this fluid is interrupted and accumulates, it can cause a painful type of swelling called lymphedema, which usually occurs in the hands or feet. This article will look at why some people develop lymphedema and what can be done to treat it.
Types of lymphedema
Lymphedema is a term used to describe the swelling that occurs when lymphatic fluid builds up in the tissues of your body. This is usually due to an injury or blockage of the lymphatic system. There are two main types of lymphedema: primary and secondary.
Primary lymphedema develops as a rare, inherited condition. It usually appears in one of these stages.
- Childhood: This is a congenital egg of lymphedema, also known as Milro’s disease.
- Puberty during pregnancy – up to 35 yearsLymphedema that occurs at this stage of life can be caused by a combination of genetic or environmental factors. It can also be called Meige’s disease.
- After 35: This late-onset lymphedema is rare; it usually only causes swelling of the legs.
What is the name?
The name primary lymphedema may seem to be the main cause of this disease, but it is the rarest that affects 1 in every 100,000 people in the United States. The primary name is given to this type of lymphedema because the condition develops on its own, not because of another medical condition or injury.
Secondary lymphedema is the most common form of the disease, affecting about 1 in 1,000 Americans. It develops when there is trauma, injury or other damage to the lymphatic system. Secondary lymphedema is a common complication of cancer treatment.
Symptoms of lymphedema
Swelling is a major symptom of lymphedema, but you may also experience other sensations or sensations as this swelling may affect your body.
Common symptoms of lymphedema include:
- Swelling, mainly in the hands or feet
- Skin that feels tight, hot, hard or textured
- Pain or sting
- Numbness in the swollen area
- Heavy feeling in your limbs
- Loss of mobility or flexibility
- Changes in how your clothes or jewelry fit without gaining weight
Any condition, injury, or treatment that affects your immune or lymphatic system can cause your lymph fluid to become blocked. Some of the common reasons for the development of secondary lymphedema are:
The diagnosis of lymphedema is usually made by reviewing your medical history և physical examination. For a physical examination, your doctor may take measurements to examine the skin of the injured limb or body area.
Your healthcare provider may also be looking for something called a Stemmer Sign. If they try to squeeze some tissue with your hand’s or the top of their foot և they can not, this is a positive sign for Stemmer. A positive’s test is usually consistent with a diagnosis of lymphedema.
Your medical history և Details of recent injuries or infections are also an important part of the diagnosis. If you have had an injury, cancer, or other events that put you at a higher risk for developing lymphedema, the diagnosis may be easier.
If you suspect what is causing your swelling, your doctor may order additional tests.
The primary test for lymphedema is called perimetry. This is a computer test that helps measure fluid volume և movement within your body. Other tests that can help reduce the cause of the swelling include tonometry to measure blood pressure or imaging tests such as computed tomography (CT) scans.
There are also a number of more detailed studies that are mainly reserved for chronic, severe or late stage lymphedema. These include:
- Bioimpedence spectroscopy (BIS)
- Near Infrared Fluorescence Imaging (NIRF)
- Magnetic resonance lymphangiography
There are both surgical and non-surgical options for treating lymphedema.
Complete decongestant therapy (CDT) is the primary non-surgical option; it combines a number of therapies, including:
- Manual lymphatic drainage
- Compression therapy
- Compression devices or clothing
- Skin care
Good self-care can help manage lymphedema without surgery, and weight loss or weight management can also be part of your treatment plan.
Surgical options are usually reserved for cases of lymphedema that have not responded to other, less invasive treatments. The main purpose of these surgeries is to clear the lymphatic system and / or remove parts of the tissue affected by lymphedema. Some common surgeries that can be performed to treat lymphedema include:
- Lymphatic bypass procedure to change the lymphatic drainage
- Lymph node transfer to transport healthy lymph nodes to poorly drained areas
- Liposuction With A Tummy Tuck To Remove Fat And Other Tissues
- To remove larger areas of tissue տեղադր to place a skin graft
In some cases, lymphedema may be temporary, but for most people with the condition, it is a chronic, progressive disease. Early diagnosis և treatment can help control the swelling և help you avoid severe swelling or infection.
Lymphedema is not usually life-threatening, but untreated or severe cases of lymphedema can lead to complications such as lymphangiosarcoma, a type of soft tissue cancer.
Living with any chronic illness can be difficult. Living with lymphedema means good self-care կատարել lifestyle changes to help you avoid complications.
What you can do to help control your lymphedema include:
- Exercises that are not tense
- Keep skin clean to avoid infection
- Carefully treat even minor injuries
- Avoid tight clothing, shoes or jewelry
- Sit in a good position և Avoid crossing your legs
- Consider wearing regular tight-fitting clothing
- Eating a healthy diet
Lymphedema is a chronic disease that can cause swelling that painfully tightens your skin and can even restrict your movement. Some surgeries can be used for advanced or severe cases, but most treatments for this condition focus on thorough skin care, infection-free և healthy eating և exercises.
Words from Many Wel
Living with lymphedema can be frustrating, as it can limit your activities and cause you anxiety. There is no cure for lymphedema; this chronic condition requires some significant lifestyle changes; self-care. Talk to your doctor about a management strategy that works for you. With proper care, lymphedema is usually not fatal and can be controlled to avoid serious complications.