Everything you need to know about bariatric surgery for obesity
The prevalence of obesity in the world is worrying. By 2025, the World Obesity Federation predicts that global obesity will reach 18 percent of men և 21 percent, respectively. One-third of obesity cases worldwide come from the United States, China, Brazil, India and Russia.
Although the Philippines is not one of the five countries, Filipinos are by no means spared the threat of this chronic recurrent disease. In fact, the World Obesity Federation gave the country a national score of 10 out of 6, indicating a moderate risk.
People with obesity have a higher risk of death, gallbladder problems, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, cancer, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure և cholesterol, blood glucose, triglycerides. In addition, obesity reduces the quality of human life. It affects mental and emotional health just as it causes pain throughout the body.
Ob emission is due to a number of factors, most notably energy imbalance. Simply put, if you consume more calories from food than you expend from physical activity ընդհանուր through total body energy production, you gain weight.
The next culprit comes from environmental factors. We live in an obese society, an environment that helps us gain weight if we do not control our lifestyle. Food rations are higher than they were three decades ago. Technological advances և time pressure contribute to a sedentary lifestyle.
Genetics also play a role in increasing an individual’s risk of obesity, but never use your genes as an excuse to simply accept your fate, not to raise your finger to prevent it from happening. You can choose a healthier lifestyle that will help you achieve և maintain a healthy weight range. After all, not all people who have cancer genes end up with cancer. You will not gain weight overnight just because you have unfortunately inherited more fat cells than your ancestors.
Proper diet և Regular physical activity will be the highest intervention in the fight against obesity. However, there are times when these natural ways are not enough for a person to lose weight effectively to reduce the negative effects of obesity on his health.
People with obesity have a higher risk of death, gallbladder problems, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, cancer, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure և cholesterol, blood glucose, triglycerides.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has set standards for people who can undergo bariatric surgery to treat obesity. Bariatric surgery involves manipulating the digestive system to achieve weight loss. This procedure, however, is not for everyone who just wants to lose weight. The NIH is appropriate for patients with a 40 և high body mass index (BMI) or patients with a BMI of 35 who have concomitant diseases or existing medical conditions.
There are different types of bariatric: weight loss surgeries, but they are the most common.
Laparoscopically adjustable gastric lavage requires the placement of a foreign device (adjustable tape) in the upper part of the stomach to create a very small pouch in the stomach. The patient will now have a smaller reservoir for food, thus reducing overall food intake to facilitate weight loss. A port is placed under the skin, which serves as a needle insertion site where the doctor can adjust the belt accordingly. Strict adherence to a diet is crucial to prevent esophageal enlargement from overeating և Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux.
Gastrectomy is the most common type. About 80% of the stomach is removed, leaving only a small part with a tubular structure. This type of surgery will not only reduce the amount of food consumed due to the size of the stomach. It also reduces the production of appetite-stimulating hormone ghrelin, which significantly reduces the desire to eat. Complications such as obstruction, low blood sugar, malnutrition, lack of nutrients, GERD, hernia և vomiting may occur.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass results in greater weight loss և better combination results compared to the other two types. However, it has a higher risk of obstruction, adhesions, and ulcers. It can make GERD worse. This procedure bypasses most of the stomach առաջին the first part of the intestine, leading to a complication called Dumping Syndrome.
Dumping syndrome is caused by the rapid “spilling” of undigested food or settling in the intestines. Immediately after eating, the patient will experience palpitations, weakness, sweating, hunger, chills, nausea, convulsions, abdominal pain, dizziness, diarrhea.
After the operation, the patient will be given liquid as food. Humidification is a priority. From the second day, the diet will become completely liquid from transparent. Soft-mixed foods from protein sources, well-cooked vegetables և soft fruits will be introduced during the third week. During the fourth week, the patient may be given some complex carbohydrates and solid foods as tolerated.
Barrier surgery is promising for the long-term treatment of obesity, but it is initially costly for the patient. Are you thinking of going under the knife? Talk to your doctor about your options if you are struggling with obesity.
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